What is Health & Safety?

Health and Safety are regulations and procedures which are in place, and are intended to prevent accident or injury, to individuals in the workplace.

What is the Health & Safety at work act?

This act (HSWA) is the main Health and Safety legislation covering occupational Health and Safety in the United Kingdom.  It places a duty on employers to ensure that, so far that is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare at work of their employees.

Why is Health & Safety important?

It is important as it protects the welfare of employees, visitors, employers and members of the public.  Poor health and safety risks accidents, injuries, prosecution, increased costs, staff losses and low staff moral.

What is occupational Health & Safety?

The health, safety and welfare of people at work.

What is workplace Health & Safety?

Workplace health and safety is also covered in the Workplace (Health, safety and welfare) Regulations 1992 and places a duty on employers to make sure that the workplace safe and is suitable for the tasks to be carried out and it does not present a risk to employees and others.

Do I need a Health & Safety Policy and does it need to be written down?

The health and safety policy is a legal document and must be documented if you employ five or more people although it is also good practice to have it documented if you employ under five but this is not a legal requirement.

Should a Health & Safety Policy be signed?

Yes, under the HSWA it states that a senior person, who is responsible for Health and Safety, should sign the policy and it should be dated within the last 12 months and communicated to all parties.

What is a Health & Safety Policy?

A health and safety policy is a legal document split into three parts. The statement of intent (what you are intending to do, keep everyone safe at work), Organisation (who’s who and who is responsible) and the Arrangements section (who is responsible for which area and the procedure for carrying this out).

Do I need a Health & Safety Law Poster and must it be displayed?

Employers are required by law to display the HSE approved law poster or give their workers the equivalent leaflet. It must be displayed in all businesses.

Do I need a Health & Safety Representative?

You need to communicate with the workforce on Health and Safety matters, although it is not a legal requirement to appoint an official representative.  The representative would be chosen by the employees or trade union to speak on their behalf.

When must an employer appoint a Health & Safety representative?

As an employer, you must appoint someone competent to assist you from either inside your organisation or an external person/company.  If this person comes from within your organisation they must have the relevant knowledge, skills and experience to carry out this role.  An external consultant should be listed on the OSHCR register. https://www.oshcr.org

Who is responsible for Health & Safety (at work)?

It is the employer/the person in charge of the premises who is ultimately responsible, although the self-employed, employees and visitors also have a duty of care to look after themselves and each other.

Who are the Health & Safety Executive?

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE) are a National independent watchdog for work related health, safety and illness in the United Kingdom.  They are responsible for the encouragement, regulation and enforcement of workplace health, safety and welfare.

Why is it important to assess Health & Safety risks?

It can identify when changes need to happen within the workplace which would eliminate or minimise the risk.

Why are Health & Safety meetings important and when should we consult with employees?

Employers are required to give the opportunity to the workforce to participate effectively in improving health and safety at work, regular documented meetings are a way of fulfilling this duty.  Consultation promotes a positive health and safety culture.

Where to find Health & Safety information?

Further guidance can be found on the following websites:





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